Monday, 12 October 2015

Being a winemaker

If you ever had to choose your dream job or a job that interests you what would it be, well I choose a winemaker because it seems like a sophisticated and humble job. Winemaking has been around for a while and the earliest signs of wine production was in georgia (6000 B.C) and iran (5000 B.C) and that actually interests me because on the bible it also talks about wine in different verses and stories.

DIFFERENT JOBS INVOLVING WINE
If you want to be a winemaker like me then you would also have to think about the other types of jobs that are kind of tangled with being a winemaker, like a négociant which is a french term for a merchant sells the products of small growers and winemakers. Négociants would usually buy everything from the vines to each and every single grape. The products, like wine, that they sell are sold in their names not the winemakers. Some Other jobs include a vigneron who prepare the vineyard for wine making and a vinter which is also a wine merchant in some modern use in american english.

INCOME AND REQUIREMENTS
Now the income of a winemaker depends on if you're an assistant winemaker or if you're a full winemaker. Assistant winemakers usually make about $60k per year and winemakers make about $93k!. The actual chances of getting a job as a winemaker is average because the number of winemakers are expected to stay somewhat stable. The educational requirements to be a winemaker is a bachelor of science or experience being a winemaker's assistant.

DUTIES
The size of the facility will have an effect on the workload of winemaker's. If the facility is gargantuan in size then you will probably only have one job to do which could be the crushing of the grapes. If the facility is small then you could have every job to do. Winemaker's direct the growth and harvest of the grapes, oversee crushing and fermentation. winemakers may also aid in the marketing of their products.

THE WINE
Wine will grow best in temperate climates and if well protected they could survive a canadian winter. The riper the grapes the sweeter the wine that's why growers wait a while before they harvest the grapes. Pickers harvest the grapes by hand and cut the bunches with shears so they don't damage the plant/vine. For red wine, winemakers use every part of the grape like the pulp and even the seeds. for white wine the only use the juices of the white grapes. The making of the wine is a factor but the main one is the quality of the grapes. The grapes go into the crusher then into the press which squeezes out the juice. Inside the winery the result of all that crushing end up in stainless steel tanks. The winemaker adds yeast to make the sugar in the wine convert to alcohol, that's called fermentation. Winemakers constantly experiment with fermentation to try to improve the quality of the wine. The big fermentation tanks are refrigerated and monitoring the temperature is crucial. White wine has to be fermented at 17°c but red wine has to ferment at 30-35°c. They take samples of grape juice and mix it with different kinds of yeast, they hydrate the juice with a little bit of grape juice then they pour the mix into the grape juice samples and they see what happened. The fermentation period depends on the kind of wine, if it's white wine then it has to ferment for three weeks and red wine just 10 days rozay wine is somewhat of a half breed, being made of red wine but fermented slowly like white wine. For red wine there is an extra step, during fermentation they drain the tank to aerate the wine. The oxygen helps the yeast work faster over the short ten day fermentation period then the wine is pumped back into the tank to thoroughly mix it. The wine is stored for a few months and then run through several pressure filters to remove any particles. Then all that's left is to bottle it.

So these are some interesting and needed facts about being a winemaker and the stuff that they produce. I hope this has broadened your view on this subject and may have interested you to become one.

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